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Caption: Tails logo
Developer(s): Tails Team
Initial Release: June 23, 2009
Written in: C
Operating System: Linux
Type: Unix-like
License: GPLv3+
Website: https://tails.boum.org/
Tails or The Amnesic Incognito Live System is a security-focused Debian-based Linux distribution aimed at preserving privacy and anonymity. It is the next iteration of development on the previous Gentoo-based Incognito Linux distribution. All its outgoing connections are forced to go through Tor, and direct (non-anonymous) connections are blocked. The system is designed to be booted as a live DVD or live USB, and will leave no digital footprint on the machine unless explicitly told to do so. The Tor Project has provided most of the financial support for development.

Bundled software

  • GNOME desktop


Stream isolation
Regular and obfsproxy bridges support
The Vidalia graphical frontend
  • Firefox (Iceweasel) preconfigured with:
TorBrowser patches
Torbutton for anonymity and protection against JavaScript
HTTPS Everywhere a Firefox extension which transparently enables SSL-encrypted connections to a great number of major websites
All cookies are treated as session cookies by default; the CS Lite extension provides more fine-grained cookie control for those who need it
  • NetworkManager for easy network configuration
  • Pidgin preconfigured with OTR for Off-the-Record Messaging
  • Claws Mail e-mail client, with user-friendly GnuPG support
  • Liferea feed aggregator
  • Gobby for collaborative writing of text
  • Aircrack-ng for Wi-Fi networks security auditing
  • I2P, an anonymizing network

Encryption and privacy

  • LUKS and GNOME Disks to install and use encrypted storage devices, e.g. for USB sticks
  • GnuPG, the GNU implementation of OpenPGP for e-mail and data encryption and signing
  • PWGen, a strong random password generator
  • Shamir's Secret Sharing using gfshare and ssss
  • Florence virtual keyboard as a countermeasure against hardware keyloggers
  • MAT to anonymize metadata in files
  • KeePassX password manager

One may choose at boot time among a large number of languages.

See Also

External Links